Sundance opens door on Chinese Web junkie detox camps
People sit around laptop computers at a cafe in Beijing, on May 29, 2013 - by Ed Jones
With 24 million young people spending more than six hours a day online, China is the first country in the world to recognize Web dependency as a medical condition, according to "Web Junkie," in competition at the Sundance Film Festival.
Filmmakers Shosh Shlam and Hilla Medalia gained access to one of some 400 Chinese detox centers for adolescents aged 13-18 considered as addicted, notably to online videogames.
"China is the first country to declare Internet addiction as a clinical disorder and to take action," Medalia told AFP.
Their film focuses on three children sent by their parents to the center.
For a month, the three boys -- no girls were interviewed for the documentary -- alternate military obstacle courses, medical treatment and family therapy, at a cost of 10,000 yuan ($1,650), twice the average monthly salary in Beijing.
"These parents are really desperate. They bring their kids there because it's their last resort, they really want to help them," said Medalia. "People have to pay a lot of money for it, it's not subsidized by the government.
"They borrow money from family and friends."
The documentary doesn't go into all the details of treatment at the center -- there are bizarre scenes of patients with heads covered in a helmet of wires, in theory to monitor their brain activity -- although it does show how desperate the teenagers get when deprived of an online fix.
One is shown begging his parents to let him out, vowing in exchange to play "for only four hours a day online." Another boasts of having once played for 300 hours straight, barring a few short naps.
Shlam said she was not convinced that all of them are really addicted. Although some probably are.
"Is it an addiction or a social phenomenon? They don't think they have an addiction. But which addict will admit that he is an addict?" she asked.
"I think that you can call it addiction when you don't function in your own life. The children are dropping out from school, they're going to the Internet cafes day and night, they put a diaper on, not to miss one minute of the game."
Shlam pointed to two main reasons for the Chinese phenomenon: the country's long-standing one-child policy and a "very strict and competitive" education system.
"Because there is one child and the future of his family is on his shoulders, the parents are pushing and pushing them to be a better student," creating intense pressures from which they seek to escape, she said.
Even those running the camps admit that the "cure" they offer is only temporary.
Whereas it's possible to keep a drug addict from getting heroin, "How do you manage it, because we are so dependent on the Internet for the work and for communication?" asked Medalia.
The main indicator of success is probably whether the teenagers can return to some kind of normal social life. For a month, they are helped to re-learn how to talk face-to-face with their peers, and not via the Internet.
"That's what one of the children said in the film: 'When I feel lonely, I go to the Internet and I find another lonely person on the other side,'" said Shlam.
Online addiction is also the subject of another film in competition at the US independent film festival, which runs until Sunday at the Park City, Utah ski resort.
"Love Child" focuses on a case that shocked South Korea in 2010 when a three-month old baby died of malnutrition after her parents spent more time online at a cybercafe than looking after their young infant.